Damages

Compensation for causing loss or injury through negligence or a deliberate act, or a court’s estimate or award of a sum as a fine for breach of a contract or of a statutory duty. Types of damages include (1) General: damages that are presumed in law and follow indirectly from a wrong. They need not be specifically-claimed or proved to have been sustained, and are awarded also where an injury or loss (such as physical pain and mental anguish) cannot be precisely estimated. (2) Special (or specific): damages that are not presumed in law and are a direct result of an action or injury, such as loss of earnings, medical expenses, and repair bills, that can be assessed with fair accuracy.

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