. Ownership of a firm’s securities by its own directors, which must be disclosed by way of footnotes to the firm’s balance sheet and income statement, and/or in the directors’ report.
2. Involvement of a person in a transaction (from which he or she, directly or indirectly, stands to make profit) with a firm in which he or she is a director. Such interest must be disclosed not only to the other directors of the firm but to all stockholders (shareholders) in a general meeting. However, an interest that does not create a conflict of interest is generally not required to be disclosed.