Inventory

. An itemized catalog or list of tangible goods or property, or the intangible attributes or qualities.

2. The value of materials and goods held by an organization (1) to support production (raw materials, subassemblies, work in process), (2) for support activities (repair, maintenance, consumables), or (3) for sale or customer service (merchandise, finished goods, spare parts).
Inventory is often the largest item in the current assets category, and must be accurately counted and valued at the end of each accounting period to determine a company’s profit or loss. Organizations whose inventory items have a large unit cost generally keep a day to day record of changes in inventory (called perpetual inventory method) to ensure accurate and on-going control.

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